Effective Micro-Organisms (EM)
What is EM
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EM Technology - Applying to Horticulture and Hydroponics
The use of EM-Active in the horticulture means that artificial fertilisers and pesticides can be done away with.
The EM solution ensures bigger & better crops, healthier plants and flowers and is ultimately cost effective.
EM will improve the structure of the soil, increase its fertility and radically improve biological diversity - EM will suppress soil borne pathogens, both through their direct action and the probiotic substances they produce. EMs work by being dominant over other soil microbes. As a result, this encourages the bulk of the other microbes in the soil to 'follow' them and in doing so suppress the activity of the smaller group of negative or 'opportunistic' microbes.
The EM concept can be used for sowing and growing vegetables, herbs and shrubs without the use of chemicals. Various products can be used, either separately or together in order to produce healthy vegetables. These products can be added to the surface soil or spread around the vegetables. For example:
10 Kg Clay minerals / year /100 m sq. 10 Kg Sea shell lime / year /100 m sq. 50Kg Bokashi /year /100 m sq. 40 litres Best garden manure /year /100 m sq. 0.5 Kg EM ceramic powder (Cera-C), gently raked into surface /year /100 m sq.
Dilute EM-Active 1:100 parts water* and water and spray in one or more goes per growth season to the plants and/or soil. * Use only rainwater or tap water that has been allowed to stand for 24 hrs to allow the chlorine evaporate.
EM-A can be sprayed on soil as a pre-planting treatment, used to inoculate seeds or transplants, and applied to growing crops as a spray. After crops are harvested, EM is used to help break down crop residues.
EM-A can be applied to cover crops and green manure's during growth and upon incorporation into the soil.
Plants grown using EM with both taste better and retain their freshness for longer than conventionally grown plants.
Between two and three weeks before planting, apply a 1:100 dilution of EM-A to the soil as a spray. Remove weeds that emerge after 10-14 days.
Apply 1 Litre Activated EM (EM-A) once per 1,000 sq. metres treated.
Gardeners may want to try soaking seeds in a solution of Activated EM (EM-A) before planting to increase seed viability.
Dilute Activated EM (EM-A) with water at a ratio of 1:1,000.
Soak seeds in solution for 5-10 minutes only and then air dry and plant as usual.
Experiment with small batches before treating larger quantities. Weak seeds and soil conditions may lead to decreased results.
Nursery / Container-grown Plants:
Inoculate with EM at seeding and transplant stages, then on a monthly basis thereafter.
Use a standard dilution of 1:100. Orchid growers have achieved good results by inoculating with EM immediately after planting in sterile media.
Vegetables, Fruit & Herbs:
Spray the standard dilution of 1:100 onto the plants.
Apply as a pre-planting treatment, again at planting/transplanting and every three to four weeks during crop growth.
Apply also to crop residues after harvest, just before incorporating residues into the soil. Use 1-litre of EM-Active per 1,000 sq. metre, diluted with the appropriate amount of water for each application.
For crops such as apples and pears, apply EM immediately after fall harvest, along with other amendments. Spray plants and soil thoroughly, applying 1-litre of EM-Active per 1,000 sq. metre at a dilution ration of 1:100 or 1:1,000.
Repeat this treatment weekly until the first snow or hard frost and cease application until spring. Resume application after the last spring fronds emerge and continue until the fruit is fully formed.
Stop applying EM before ripening begins.
In hydroponic crop production systems, EM can be diluted with the nutrient solution at a rate of 1:10,000. This practice will coat the root systems with beneficial micro-organisms and make nutrient uptake more efficient. The EM will also breakdown unwanted waste products and at the same time produce probiotics and antioxidants which will keep your plants healthy and vigorous and harvested plants 'fresher' for longer.
As EM increases its activity with temperature, it is ideally suited for hydroponic systems in polytunnels.